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12:10 PMMongolian Sheep
Mongolia has a long history for crowding creatures which generally comprise of 5 residential species. Just about half of aggregate domesticated animals were sheep. Amid the change time frame to a free promoting framework, herders expanded the quantity of goats in the rush in light of the fact that the cashmere cost expanded essentially. Thusly, in 2009, the sheep rate dropped to 44% of the aggregate populace of domesticated animals, and the proportion of little ruminants was 1:1 sheep and goats.
Generally, sheep are esteemed by Mongolians who call them "Excellence of rush", "Good sustenance" and "Wellspring of fleece". Peaceful sheep meat is tasty and succulent with high nutritious esteem. Mongolians say that "Owning sheep is equivalent to be resistance". Subsequently, sheep rushes are the fundamental business hotspot for wanderers. Lamb and drain are the fundamental wellspring of sustenance utilization, felt is utilized for the covering material of the "ger" (conventional tent), garments including "Deel" (customary custom) can be produced using fleece and sheep stow away. Sheep rushes can give numerous important things in the wanderer's life aside from transport. Sheep manure is an imperative fuel. Likewise, it is can be utilized to manufacture creature fence and litter for creatures.
There are numerous sheep strains in Mongolia which are adjusted to the brutal atmosphere and huge region. These are characterized into following classifications:
1. Coarse fleece and semi-coarse fleece sheep
Downy comprises of cashmere, mid-hair, tip top hair and kemp-hair. This sort of fleece is utilized for making felt. Semi-coarse downy comprises of cashmere, mid-hair and world class hair. This fleece is utilized as a part of making floor coverings and mats. The breeds are characterized into "fat-followed" and "sacrum followed" sheep.
А. Fat-followed sheep
1. Mongolian local breed (Khalkh)
2. Gobi-Altay breed
3. Baidrag breed
4. Bayad breed
5. Uzemchin breed
8. Barga strain
9. Sutai strain
B. Karakul sheep
C. Sacrum sheep
1. Kerei breed
2. Fine and semi-fine sheep
Fine sheep's wool has 20-25 microns medullation with a grouped downy. This breed has extremely thick hair 4-10,000 hairs for each cm2 which is 4-5 times higher than in the coarse fleece breed. The wool is sparkling with high fat substance and is exceptionally adaptable. Normal downy weight is 4-6 kg. Shading is generally white or whitish and the tail is thin.
Semi-fine sheep fleece comprises of coarse cashmere and mid-hair, and is grouped. Medullation is more than 25 microns. A large portion of the breed is thin followed. A couple of semi-fine sheep are fat-followed.
A rearing system on Fine and Semi-fine sheep was begun in the 1930s. Foundation of a weaving plant production line with 1500 ton fleece preparing limit expanded the interest for fine and semi-fine fleece. A concentrated research think about was done on fine sheep breed and this breed was endorsed in 1961. Since that time, 3 fine and semi-fine breeds have been made and endorsed as breed and rearing part. Reproducing fine and semi-fine sheep was made to deliver material for weaving plant makes. 300-400 grams of fleece can create 1 meter cover and 1 kg coarse fleece can deliver 1 meter woolen material.
Fine and semi-fine sheep have a higher live weight and dressing rate. The cover up is an important wellspring of caps and fur garments. The rising cost of sheep fleece and conceals underpins the herder's work and builds salary.
Fruitfulness rate is great and 130 posterity can be raised from 100 ewes.
These sheep are raised in Selenge, Bulgan, Khentii and Dornod regions where there is appropriate grub and it is anything but difficult to oversee lodging, encourage and water supply.
1. Khangai breed
2. Orkhong breed
3. Steppe white breed
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