10:43 AMThe Mongolian Horse Fiddle
The Morin Khuur (horse-head fiddle) is the instrument most connected with Mongolian conventions and culture. Mor(in) implies horse. At the point when Mongolians were altogether an itinerant country, the stallion was nearly their lone methods for transport, and in addition man's closest companion. Numerous melodies and ballads were composed lauding the stallion.
There are various legends about how the Morin Khuur was first made, all in view of a man's adoration for a dead steed. So focal was (and still is) the stallion to Mongolian culture, that the leader of the steed was put on top of the country's foremost melodic instrument, and its tail hair is utilized for the two strings and for the bow.
A great part of the ordinance of Mongolian execution craftsmanship (tune, move, show, stories, even gifts) is indivisibly weaved with the music of the Morin Khuur. In any case, it is not just a customary instrument; its unique sound contributes much to the nature of current music. For many years the instrument itself changed little until the twentieth century, when there were advancements to playing method and even to the Morin Khuur`s development.
An ever increasing number of individuals are going by Mongolia. As culture turns out to be more globalized, we trust this book will help outsiders figure out how to play the Morin Khuur and spread the news about Mongolia `s national instrument all through the world.
The instrument comprises of a trapezoid wooden-encircled sound box to which two strings are joined. It is held almost upright with the sound box in the artist's lap or between the performer's legs. The strings are produced using hairs from nylon or stallions' tails, hung parallel, and keep running over a wooden scaffold on the body up a long neck, recent second littler extension, to the two tuning pegs in the parchment, which is typically cut into the type of a steed's head.
The bow is inexactly hung with stallion hair covered with larch or cedar wood pitch, and is held from underneath with the correct hand. The underhand hold empowers the hand to fix the free hair of the bow, permitting fine control of the instrument's timbre.
The bigger of the two strings (the "male" string) has 130 hairs from a stallion's tail, while the "female" string has 105 hairs from a horse's tail. These days the strings are made of nylon. Customarily, the strings were tuned a fifth separated, however in current music they are all the more regularly tuned a fourth separated, ordinarily to B-level and F. The strings are ceased either by squeezing them in the joints of the record and center fingers, or by squeezing them between the nail of the little finger and the stack of the ring finger.
Generally, the casing is secured with camel, goat, or sheep skin, in which case a little opening would be left toward the rear. Be that as it may, since the 1970s, new all-wood sound box instruments have showed up, with cut f-openings like European stringed instruments.
These days the standard size altogether is 1,15 m, the separation between the upper scaffold and the lower extension is around 60 cm, however particularly the upper scaffold can be adjusted to coordinate littler player's fingers. The sound box has more often than not a profundity of 8–9 cm, the measurement of the soundbox is around 20 cm at the top and 25 cm at the base. Great quality instruments can accomplish a quality of 85 dBA, which permits to play it (if craved) even in mezzoforte or crescendo. At the point when horsehair is utilized, the luthiers want to utilize the hair of white stallions. By and large the nature of a stallion hair string relies on upon its readiness, the atmosphere conditions and the sustenance of the creatures. That gives a wide range of value contrasts.
Quality nylon strings (Khalkh Mongolian "сатуркан халгас") keep going for up to 2 years, however just if arranged and put appropriately on the instrument. Most novices don't brush the strings, then the sound quality compounds rapidly. Great strings almost solid like steel strings, and in spectrograms they appear around 7-8 sounds.
Morin khuur fluctuate in frame contingent upon area. Instruments from focal Mongolia have a tendency to have bigger bodies and in this way have more volume than the littler bodied instruments of Inner Mongolia. Additionally the Inner Mongolian instruments have for the most part mechanics for fixing the strings, where Mongolian luthiers for the most part utilize wooden pegs in a somewhat conic shape. In Tuva, the morin khuur is in some cases utilized as a part of place of the igil.
There are numerous legends about the source of the Morin Khuur. One of them was said that the Morin Khuur was conceived therefore of the stroke that a man provided for his dead steed. Its wings had been cut off by the rider's sweetheart with a specific end goal to keep him from leaving. The man who was melancholy and fixated by the memory of his dead sidekick started cutting the leader of the steed out of a long bit of wood which was then put into a vessel subsequent to having been secured with steed cover up. At that point he made two strings and a bow out of the steed's hair from its tail and he made utilization of the instrument keeping in mind the end goal to adulate the uncommon characteristics of his dead steed in this manner mollifying his sadness.
The instrument comprises of a trapezoid wooden-encircled sound box to which two strings are joined. It is held almost upright with the sound box in the artist's lap or between the artist's legs. The strings are produced using the tail of a steed and keep running from the finish of the spike at the construct, over the wooden extension with respect to the body, over the nut and through the neck to the tuning pegs or ears. The strings are called thick and thin and furthermore male and female. The more slender string ought to have around 105 hairs from the female horse's tail while the thicker 130 from the stallions tail. These strings are currently tuned a fourth separated, yet used to be tuned a fifth separated. The conventional wooden surrounded sound box used to be secured on the front with child camel, goat or sheep skin with a roundabout sound opening at the back on the gut. These days the workshop created ones have a wooden face with "F openings" like European stringed instruments.
The fiddle's essentialness stretches out past its capacity as melodic instrument and it is a customarily fundamental piece of ceremonies and ordinary exercises of the Mongolian wanderers. Playing the Morin khuur is went with moves, long melodies, legendary stories, services and ordinary undertakings identified with stallions. The Morin khuur likewise goes with Biyelgee, the body move of hand, shoulder and legs development. This move begun in the Altai mountains in the west of Mongolia.
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